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Full text of "The Atlantic Hotel, Morehead City, N.C. : open from June first to October"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/atlantichotelmorOOatla 






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THE ATLANTIC HOTEL, 




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e. M. UZZELL. PRINTER AND BINDER, RALEIGH. 



tS^CONTENTS : V 



PAGE. 

To the Public 2 

Morehead Aquarelles 3 

Hard to Windward 7 

Sailing and Bathing at Morehead City 9 

Fishing at Morehead City ^ 12 

Morehead City as a Health Resort 14 

Our Coast Health Eesorts 16 

Superior Advantages of Morehead City... 18 

References 20 

Railway Fares 21 

Extracts from Miscellaneous Letters.... 2f3 

ILLTJSTR^TIOlSrS. 

Main Dining-room — Atlantic Hotel 4 

A Trolling Party _. 8 

The Beach 11 

Atlantic Hotel — from Newport River 19 

Map showing relative position of Morehead City 22 

^IDVERTISEMiENTS. 

St. Mary's School 32 

Yarborough House 33 

Appleton & Co 34 

Knabe& Co 35 

Benbow House 36 

Grand Central Hotel .....: 36 

Buford House 37 

LeRoy Myers 37 

W. W.Smith 37 

Munn&Co... 37 

Thurber, Whyland & Co 38 

Ford, Howard & Hulbert 38 

Albany P. W. P. Co 39/ 

Peace Institute 40 

A. Williams & Co 3d page Cover. 

E. M. Uzzell 3d page Cover. 



Norf h Carolina Sf^fe Library 
Raleigh 



THE 





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MOREHEAD CITY, N. C, 



OPEN FROM JUNE FIRST TO OCTOBER 




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ATLANTIC HOTEL AND COTTAGES. 

FROM THE SOUND. 

R B. RANEY & CO., 



PROFKIKTOKS. 



ADDRESS: Until June 1st, Raleigh, N. C; Afterwards, Morehead City, N. C. 



RALEIGH, N. C. 
E. M. UzzELL, Ste. 




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TO TEiE READER. 



To the kindness of several of onr guests of last season we are 
indebted for the sketches before you. To preserve, in this form, the 
words so generously and so sincerely spoken, and to promulgate them 
to the advantage of Morehead City, is the object of this pamphlet. 

Believing that judicious management of the Hotel, only, was neces- 
sary to make Morehead City, with its advantages, our most popular 
seaside resort, we, in 1884, leased the property for a term and privilege 
of eight years. Last season, though short, was a most gratifying one. 
Next season, we have many reasons to believe, will be all that could 
be desired. We shall certainly strive to merit the success we are led 
to anticipate. 

Hoping that a careful perusal of the following pages may induce 
you to become a friend and patron of Morehead City, we are, 

* Yours, very respectfully, 

; R. B. BANEY & CO., 

* Proprietors. 
March, 1885. 



MD'REHEfln fiQUflRELLES 



M. R, C, 



"Aye, the sea, the sea — what is the spell which the spirit of the wild sea throws over 
those who linger on its bourn, or wander, tempest-tossed, on its limitless spaces? " — S. 
G. W. Benjamin. 

Moreliead City as a city is as yet a prophecy, but one built ou a 
sure foundation and freighted Avith many charming possibilities. It 
is even now, for its brief summer season, a city in all that modern 
comfort, luxury, gaiety and good company, refinement, beauty, youth 
and fashion suggest. Its present success and future magnitude was a 
vision to Governor Morehead over thirty years ago, and it was his 
far-seeing faith, supplemented by his resistless energy and boundless 
influence, that has given to the world this ideal watering-place. Ideal 
because here the most world-tired and beauty-loving lotus-eater can 
find rest and sweet refreshment for body and soul. Although this is 
essentially a Southern resting-place, the climate is by no means warm, 
and offers a most invigorating and healthful change to the dwellers in 
the interior and along the beautiful but enervating Gulf-coast. 

It was not until the summer of 1884 that Morehead City attained 
the attractiveness and fame expected of it and suited to its very 
superior natural advantages. At that time the Atlantic, under the 
skilled management of Mr. Raney, of Raleigh, N. C, backed by 
unlimited capital and aided in the office and other departments by 
thoroughly competent assistants, gave to the eighteen or nineteen 
hundred people who visited there during the months of elune, eJuly 
and August the rare spectacle of a hotel so gemflnely comfortable, so 
faultless in all its details, that each departing guest went away with the 
feeling that he had been entertained at a friend^s home, and had been 
made an unstinted partaker in all of its luxuries and pleasures. 

The old frequenters of the place were surprised to find the already 
spacious hotel greatly enlarged and improved, and were loud in their 
praises of the lavish owner who had provided all that the most 
exacting could suggest. The distinctive feature of the new "Atlantic" 
is that the billiard-room, bar, store, ten-pin alley and barber-shop are 



4 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

in buildings separated from the main liotel, thus securing unusual 
quiet. The ample ball-room, one hundred feet square, impresses new- 
comers with its superb dimensions, high vaulted glass roof, many 
windows, wide corridors and roomy overhanging galleries. 




MAIN DINING-ROOM-ATLANTIC HOTEL. 

Boating is preeminently the pastime at Morehead, and nowhere else 
can one sail with such an easy sense of safety. Bogue Sound is land- 
locked and secure from the storms and squalls of the outer sea. On 
this placid sheet and on Newport river, which mingles with it, one 
can sail for miles, as sheltered from storm and shipwreck as 'on a lake 
in Central Park. * 

The ^'bankers" — the name signifying the dwellers upon the barren 
shores or banks — are a sturdy race and wrench their simple living 
from the greedy and unwilling sea, and the rearing of shaggy, cast- 
iron ponies, known here as "banker ponies^' and on the coast of 
Georgia and South Carolina as "marsh tackies.'^ If you have prom- 
ised your little daughter a safe and gentle horse for her village cart, 
take steamer some day for a "pony-penning" and buy one of these 
steel-sinewed, sweet-uatured little vagabonds for a mere song. 



1 

1 



i 



MOREHEAD AQUARELLES. 5 

The writer of tliis desultory sketeli has been often asked to name 
the preeminent pleasures of Morehead — a hard question to answer of 
a locality so replete with beauty, tradition, pastimes, sport and health- 
giving pursuits. There is an endless charm and variety. The trip to 
the surf is, of course, the most favored feature, for this comprises not 
only the plunge in the surf — and such a surf! — but the alluring 
delight of a short sail in a while-winged sharpie, or a hasty dash across 
the sound (only a mile wide at this point) in a trim little steam yacht. 
The beach is well provided with comfortable dressing-rooms, and there 
is a large open pavilion where the more timid and sedate can sit and 
watch the merry revelers in the foam and spray. The beach is pecu- 
liarly safe and every precaution is used to restrain the careless and 
venturous. The drive along the beach is tw^enty miles long and 
beautifully smooth and hard. During the season a livery stable is 
established on the beach, and rides and drives can be had at all hours.. 

The absolute healthfulness of this region '^goes without saying.'' 
A writer in a Georgia paper says : " The extensive hotel is so well 
ventilated and has such a system of salt-water sewerage that it is 
absolutely exempt from malaria and the insects so insupportable at 
most summer resorts — mosquitoes, flies and sand-flies are unknown 
evils here." 

In support of its claims as a health resort I will quote from Dr. li. 
B. Haywood, of Raleigh, an authority in medical circles. He says : 
'^ I regard it as the best place for consumptive patients, for anaemic 
women and teething children on the continent." 

That it will assuredly become a refuge for Northern people in the 
winter is the opinion of many competent judges who have watched the 
evil effects of the fluctuating climate and depressing atmosphere of 
Florida, aiid other crowded so-called health resorts. When one is 
told that it is in nearly the same latitude as Lisbon and Mentone, the 
future of Morehead as a winter haven is a fact accomplished, and it 
does not require a very bold flight of the imagination to conjure up a 
vision of it as it will be in a few years, with its splendid hotel open 
every month in the year, and its wide streets and sunny inlets ci'owned 
with dainty' villas and picturesque cottages. 

Still-bathing in commodious bath-houses, or outside in the sound, 
is the universal tonic and pastime at Morehead. It is resorted to by 
all, from the rosy baby to her grandmother, and it is not an unusual 



6 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

sight to see three generations floating about in tlie bath-house at one 
time. A half hour in the water at high tide is as vivifying as an 
electrical douclie followed by a bumper of champagne. It is Nature's 
remedy for weakness, fatigue and lassitude. What better tonic can be 
found than sea- water, composed, as it is, of ^^ chloride of sodium, or 
common salt, with a small proportion of magnesia and lime?" If a 
bath in the waters of the sound is a pleasure by day it becomes a 
miracle at night. Then the water is ablaze with phosphorescence and 
is a scene of inexpressible splendor. A blue clad figure plunges from 
the bath-room, steps in the water and immediately is encrusted, dusted, 
jeweled with a million flashing gems and pulsing lights. A shapely 
white arm is thrown out in swimmiug and it becomes a tapering flame. 
All around the figure of the bather the waters* glow and flash and 
burn like a caldron of melted jewels and qnicksilver. ]^o need for 
the bath-room maid with her lantern, the whole room is lit witli 
ineffable glory and sparkles like Aladdin's cave. 

The dance is over and the throbbing ecstasy of the waltz is dying 
away in the large salon. As the lights go out in the hotel and cottages, 
hooded and cloaked figures appear on the lono^ piers stretching from 
the hotel out into the sound. 

The sibilant sheet of water lies under the late moon like a mass of 
silver; the sharpie rocks at her moorings in a broad band of light, and 
her hull, in the pure brightness, looks as if fashioned from mother of 
pearl. Her masts are slender spires of marble, and as soon as she is 
freighted with her priceless cargo of happy young hearts her sails are 
run up and, taking fire from the witching light, shine like silver gauze. 
The breeze is bland yet favoring, and she glides ofi^, 

"Sailing thus as thought doth steer 
With the moon unclouded, clear, 
Fancy fluttering at the prow, 
SircDS singing soft and low. 
From the opal shores and streams 
Where they dye the cloth of dreams ! " . 

The night wanes, for the moon was late in coming, and as it begins 
to pale the vessel is turned homeward, after several hours of perfect 
happiness. 

Off" toward Beaufort the first faint daffodil hint of dawn is touching 
the spires of that dreamy town, and the silvered sound changes by 



J J J 



HARD TO WINDWARD. 7 

radiant fluctuations to pink and gold and ruby. There are many 
sharpies afloat, and all around 

'' Like scattered flowers bloom all round the bay, 
The rosy sails lit with the sunrise shine, 
The white stars in the brightness fade away, 
In perfect silence dawns the day divine ! " 



HARn TD ISnNDWARD 



H, ffiZ, G-RfiDY, IN THE ATLilNTil CDNSTITUTIDN, 



Col. Tom Howard walked into Delmonico's restaurant one day and 
threw a twenty dollar bill on the counter. Looking up at the waiter, 
he said: '^ Bring me the best thing in the house for the money.'' 
After consultation, the waiter returned with a silver platter, on which 
there was a broiled Spanish mackerel, with half a lemon lying beside 
it. With an air of perfect conviction, the waiter made this contribu- 
tion as the best that America's great chief could ofi"er to an aspiring 
appetite, and stood back to await results. The waiter tvas right. You 
may judge, therefore, of my feelings when the first thing that caught 
my eyes on arrival here was a pile of more than two huncired Spanish 
mackerel, on which the water had scarcely dried. That pile was the 
catch of one fishing party that had been out in the afternoon. 

The day was perfect; a stiff breeze was blowing from the south-wTst. 
The sun was just rising, and the bay, dimpling before the ^vind, was a 
huge bowl of molten gold, while the rim of white beach shone like 
silver. A mile or so away the ocean thundered over the bar, and the 
white caps dancing along the siirf line flashed like diamonds in the 
morning sun. Our boat lay at the wharf, a wicked looking craft with 
leg-of-mutton sails, rigged like a felucca and warranted to fly. Capt. 
Picket, a well-seasoned veteran, was in charge. Tjuncli was stored 
aboard and the four of us occupied the cushioned seats. The T^ucia 
shook her sails and we were ofl' like a shot. 

Yesterday we flew over nearly one hundred and fifty miles of water, 
bouncing over the elastic waves at a spanking pace, tacking here and 



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8 



ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 



there — never resting— and last night when our boat touched the wharf 
Ave had to reef her sails and lash her to the posts to keep her from 
rushing off in very wantonness. 

We were looking for Spanish mackerel and blue-fish. The first is 
the finest fish that swims the water, incomparable on the table, as 
game as a mountain trout, as handsome as a picture, he is the cavalier 
of the sea; slender, gallant, rakish, he gives you want when you have 
him hung to the end of a fifty foot line, and when,. after a struggle, 
you land him in the boat, nothing could be prettier. Of perfect shape, 
pink on the belly and pearly grey on the side, he is olive green on the 
back, and from head to tail are run maroon spots, graded perfectly, 
while here and there dashes of red are thrown in merely for effect. 
He is the only decorative fish I ever saw, and no lady's fan was ever 
painted more daintily or brilliantly than he. The blue-fish, on the 
contrary, is a sturdy plebeian, fierce in his greed and the very devil to 
pull; voracious, lawless, and known to all men as the pirate of the 
seas. 




A TROLLING PARTY-HOMEWARD BOUND. 

The blue-fish flew at the squids fiercely, and when hung, pulled even 
stronger than the mackerel. As the lines were loosed and thrown 



SAILING AND BATHING AT MOREHEAD CITY. 9 

over, the fish would seize them before they were drawn taut and start 
off for the Bermudas; and it took muscle to stop them, in that rolling 
sea, from the flying boat. For ten minutes the shouts and struggles 
were continuous, and then the bottom of the boat was covered with fish, 
and four strained and tired men w^ere content to part company with the 
school as it wheeled windward. Finding them near shore, however, 
the captain said he would fight them a while on short tacks. He 
whirled into them, and we went to work. The waves were very high 
and w^e were in close quarters, but the boat flew in and out like one 
possessed. The captain, quite as excited as we were, threw her about 
as if she were a part of himself. At every turn we shipped a sea that 
drenched and strangled every man in the boat, but the work went on 
until the cutting lines had drawn the blood from more than one finger, 
and Jackson, who had put on a pair of kid gloves, had them hanging 
in shreds. We quit counting after we had reached two hundred and 
eighty fish, but could have made it twice as many. 

As we clambered out of the boat and saw the shining heaps of fish 
piled up before our admiring eyes, while the cook hurried kitchenward 
with a dozen special beauties, I felt that I had finished the wildest ride 
of one hundred and fifty miles I ever took, and closed the best day of 
my life, as far as sport w^as concerned. Even the red and aching fing- 
ers, that can scarcely hold the pencil as I write, do not dim the mem- 
ory of that glorious run after the cavalier and pirates. 



SAILING AND BATHIN& AT MD RE- 
HEAD CITY, 

For those whose homes are inland, in some town or village where all 
the winter the mud is deep, and all the summer the dust is thick, or in 
some city where all the year round there is the same ceaseless rattling 
o'er the stony streets, there is no change so restful, so delightful, so 
invigorating, as a change to the sea-side. 



10 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

Such a restful change from the raoiiotonoiis duties of a busy life I 
enjoyed last summer on our own coast at the Atlantic Hotel, Morehead 
City. The hotel was admirably kept, its appointments as nearly per- 
fect as is possible, the menu, enriched by every variety of sea-food, was 
tempting and artistic, the music of a good band enlivening, and the 
society gathered there was cultivated and congenial. To these essential 
elements of enjoyment — elements that make life enjoyable anywhere — was 
added the constant charm of the ocean. One can sit gind luxuriate in 
the delicious, health-giving sea-breeze that comes, now tenderly, linger- 
ingly, with the caressing touch of a friend, now like some tearing, toss- 
ing, rollicking romp, and finds its way into every room and corridor. 

The most timid people, those for whom the deep aild dark blue ocean 
has no charm, who call its lullaby an angry roar, and see in '^the 
unnumbered laughter of the waves'^ only a treacherous smile, even 
they may sail for hours and hours on these peaceful land-locked waters 
as safely and quietly as a mother sits in her chamber at home and rocks 
her child to sleep. Bogue Sound stretches inland for twenty-five miles 
as smooth as glass. Newport River and Caliquot Bay lie like burnished, 
mirrors. But if some bolder spirit would prefer a rougher ride over 
crested waves and through bounding billows, if he feels a tingling 
pleasure in the brackish spray, and loves 

" A wet sheet and a flowing sea, 
A wind that follows fast 
And fills the white and rustling sail, 
And bends the gallant mast," 

then let him speed away past the pretty little town of Beaufi)rt, that 
lies along the smiling shore, past the Fort and the Banks, to the blue 
water of the deep sea, down towards the light-house on Cape Lookout, 
then" he will feel the long, surging ocean swell, and discover if there is 
the making of a sailor in him. 

If there is a subtle fascination in watching the play of the waters 
from the shore, and a still deeper enchantment in sailing over the sum- 
mer sea, surely the climax of enjoyment is found in the surf-bath. A 
smooth, firm beach that stretches along the coast for thirty miles, fur- 
nishes magnificent accommodation for all who enjoy a dip in the brine, 
and what is like that for keenness of refreshment, for rejuvenating our 
flagging powers, and rekindling our love of living ! 



SAILING AND BATHINU AT MOREHEAl) CITY. 



11 



A pleasure, second only to the siirf-bath, is a swift drive or ride along- 
the beach. The outgoing tide leaves the grey sand as level and as hard 
as an as])halt pavement, the horses' feet splash in the curling waves, and 
every now and then ''crisp, foamy flakes, torn from the fringe of spray," 
dash in our iiui?s as we sweep along in full accord with all the activi- 
ties of nature. 




THE BEACH-FROM THE ATLANTIC HOTEL PAVILION. 
And now, for health-seekers, and pleasure-seekers, and those who 
long for rest and refreshment, what more delightful place can be found 
than the sea-side? Does the wind an v where else bear such healincr on 
its wings, or the sun shine with such golden gladness ? And ought 
not our pt!ople to appreciate the comfort, the luxury and benefit of such 
a charming summer home as the Atlantic Hotel, Morehead City? 
Verily, I think so. A Charlotte Yisitoe. 



12 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 



FISHING AT MDREHEAD CITY: 



FRDM riR, J, H, KEELHNTE, DF KINTDXYILLE, TElXrrT, 



To those in search of a few days, weeks, or months of recreation from 
the bnsy cares of the counting-room or office, anxiously alert to find an 
abiding place with the greatest number of attractions, where discomfort 
is at the minimum, a more health-giving and delightful place cannot be 
found on the continent than Morehead City, N. C. The bathing, both 
surf and sound, is superior to and more enjoyable than at any other 
place on the Atlantic coast, the water being free from that iciness that 
is found at more northern resorts even during the summer season. The 
climate is charming, and the accommodations please the most exacting. 
Especially is Morehead to be commended to the lovers of that most 
pleasurable sport so extolled by Sir Isaac Walton. Read his '' Angler^s 
Wish" — go to Morehead and extravagantly experience his dream of 
perfect enjoyment. 

Fish of the greatest variety, and innumerable, can here be found. 
Those inclined to inertia can obtain diversion with little effort at the 
Pavilion (only a hundred feet away from the Atlantic Hotel), reached 
by a causeway above high tide, where, reclining on a cushioned seat, if 
desired, one can hook hundreds of perch, pin-fish, soft-shell crabs and 
other '^ small fry" that are constantly on the qui vive for a tempting 
bait. A walk, or a sail, if preferred, often minutes and you are at the 
dock, where black bass, striped bass, striped mullet, rock, mullets, 
sheep's-head, and many other varieties, are equally numerous, and ever 
ready to ^'take in" the sand-fiddler, or any other tempting morsel with 
which your hook can be disguised. Many are the happy hours to be 
spent here angling for a good catch, or looking out at sea, watching 
the countless sail-boats, loaded with merry pleasure-seekers, flecking 
inlet and sound. Anon a huge porpoise silently rises from its watery 
bed, loudly snorts, thereby giving a momentary fright by its unexpected 
nearness, and noiselessly disappears only to put in its appearance when 
least expected. I doubt whether you are weary of sporting with the 
finny tribes, but a prodigious appetite, provoked by the salubrious 
atmosphere, inclines you hotelward, laden with spoils, prominent among 



FISHING AT MOREHEAD CITY. 13 

which there are numbers of ''convicts/' as a lady friend dubbed sheep's- 
head. If you are an epicure, your greatest enjoyment is yet to come 
when the fish are prepared and garnished with a delicacy that only a 
French cook (and a superior one you'll find at the Atlantic Hotel) can 
conjure to tempt the palate, and placed before you ''piping hot." 'Tis 
then you " can taste the genius of a dish, and may eat your way to 
fame." • 

To enjoy fishing in all its fascinating entirety, take a sail-boat with 
a party of four congenial spirits, with Captain Dickson at the helm, 
and sail out of the inlet, beyond the bar, and troll for blue-fish and 
Spanish mackerel. At a favorable time, with a good wind, you have 
only to cast your line and draw it in to have a prize to be coveted — as 
game a fish as can be found in any waters. The sport and number of 
fish taken are only to be gauged by your power of endurance and 
strength of muscle, for not unlike the widow's larder, the greater the 
number taken out the more there seems to remain. 

Many are the places of interest and historic importance that can be 
visited during these piscatorial forays. Chief among them to me was 
the Ichthyological branch of the Laboratory of Mitural History at the 
neighboring old moss-covered, maritime city of Beaufort, established 
several years past by the Johns Hopkins University of Baltimore. The 
students in charge informed us there were nine thousand species offish 
known to science, and a greater number were to be found here than in 
any other known waters in the world, and many are only found here. 
It was rather humiliating to our own vanity to have the learned gen- 
tlemen discourse upon the habits, peculiarities and flavor of the Alosa 
Sapidissima, and after listening with open-mouth avidity to their every 
word, have them say, "you know this is a s/iocZ." 

Let no one, in making a programme for a summer recreation, whether 
for health or pleasure, fail to include Morehead City. I could linger 
for months with mine host of the Atlantic, where comfort and good 
cheer reign supreme; refined and elegant visitors only are met; music 
delightful, table the best, servants under perfect control, and last, but 
not least in point of comfort, the fly and mosquito are unknown. 



14 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 



MDREHEAD CITY, lY, C, 



AS R HEALTH RESORT, 



The proprietors take great pleasure in submitting the following let- 
ter from Dr. R. B. Haywood, a physician of forty years standing. 
Dr. Haywood is an ex-President of the North Carolina State Medical 
Society, President of the Haleigh Academy of Medicine, President of 
the Raleigh Board of Health, Physician to the North Carolina Insti- 
tution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, and Consulting Physi- 
cian to St. Leonard^s Hospital : 

Raleigh, N. C, February 20th, 1885. . 
R. B. Raney, Esq. : 

3Iy dear Sir: Your favor of yesterday, requesting my views on the 
healthfulness of Morehead City after another season spent at the Atlan- 
tic Hotel, is to hand. 

In my opinion it is the healthiest place on the continent, and it will 
be apparent to any one, when I say that I have spent July and August 
of the last four summers at the Atlantic Hotel, and during that time 
eleven thousand two hundred and forty-six were registered at this 
hotel and not a single death occurred in that time. I will go further, 
and say that but two cases of malarial fever occurred in the four years, 
and they were landed from a steamer from the Tar River. There was 
last season a daily average of sixty children in the hotel and but two 
of these required medical treatment. 

My views on the climatic treatment of consumption and kindred 
diseases, after further experience and investigation, are fixed and unal- 
tered. I have now the same views I expressed in my letter to Dr. 
Brooks and to the New York Medical Record, as published in- your 
last year's circular. The last and most able work on the practice of 
medicine, issued from the medical press, is by that eminent physician, 
Alfred L. Loomis, M. D., LL. D., Professor of Pathology and Prac- 
tice of Medicine in the Medical Department of the University of New 
York. If he had had Morehead in his eye he could not have described 
a place fulfilling more thoroughly the requirements laid down by him 
for the government of consumptive patients. He says, " Those patients 
who develope consumption after middle age, and are incapable of much 



MOREHEAD CITY, N. C, AS A HEALTH llESORT. 15 

muscular activity do bed in sea air. * * * * Individuals with 
consumptive tendencies should not breathe air laden with foul vapors 
or fine particles of dust. The soil on which the dwelling is built must 
be sandy (porous earth is best). The atmosphere of a region with a 
loose, porous soil, whose surface dries quickly, is never damp.'' 

You have in an eminent degree at Morehead all the advantages here 
pointed out by Professor Loomis. The air is positively pure, with no 
dust or malaria. The hotel is situated on a narrow sandy peninsular, 
that dries immediately after a rainfall, for, so quick is the absorption, 
in fifteen or twenty minutes one could scarcely tell that rain had fallen 
at all. Dr. Loomis says further: 

"The presence of ozone in the air is presumative evidence of its 
purity. The benefits consumptive patients deriv^e from living near 
pine forests has long been known. Turpentine exhaled from pine or 
hemlock converts the oxygen of the air into ozone. ''^ 

This advantage you have also at your excellent hotel. The village 
is surrounded on the west and north by a dense pine forest and Bogue 
Banks, on the south-west, is covered with hemlock and cedar. 

Some intelligent physicians in the State still regard the sea air treat- 
ment for consumption as something new and an innovation on old 
established opinions, which is far from being true. To my certain 
knowledge, for the last forty years the physicians of England, France 
and Germany have directed their patients, with great benefit, to the 
shores of the Mediterranean in the south of France. I remember well, 
forty years ago, the first consumptive patient sent there from Raleigh, 
Bishop Polk. He returned entirely restored, apparently, to give up 
his life on Pine Knob, in defense of his country, thirty years after. 

You have at Morehead all the advantages pointed out by the best 
medical authors for a sanitarium, and all that is necessary is to make 
it known, particularly to the medical profession in the State. I will 
make this declaration to the three hundred and sixty eminent profes- 
sional gentlemen with whom I am associated in the Medical Society of 
North Carolina, who, no doubt, know me to be incapable of saying any- 
thing I do not believe, that anaemic patients, teething children and 
persons in the first and second stages of consumption are either cured 
or greatly benefited, and even in the third stage of consumption they 
will be much more comfortable in sea air than anywhere else. 

Very respectfully, 

RICHARD B. HAYWOOD, M. D. 



16 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

[Letter from Dr. R. B. Haywood, the senior physician of Raleigh, N. C, to Dr. W. H. Brooks, ot 

Dixon, III.] 

3Iy dear Sir : — Your favor, asking my opinion as to the adapta- 
bility of Morehead City as a health resort for consumption and kin- 
dred diseases, has been received. 

I liave visited Morehead for my own health for the last three sum- 
mers; during which time hundreds of other cases have been under my 
care, and I do not hesitate to say I regard it as the best place for 
consumptive patients, for anaemic women and teething children on the 
continent. Situated within thirty miles of the hundred fathom line of 
the Gulf-stream, the air is delightfully tempered by it, with no sudden 
change from heat to cold, or what is commonly known as ''northers.^' 
IS^o miasma, complicating pneumonia and fevers, no dust and no insect 
life as in Florida. 

One other positive argument, I will add, comparing Florida with 
the Gulf-stream coast, and it is this : In a ride of thirteen miles in the 
pine woods of Florida, four dead bodies were met, being conveyed to 
the river to be shipped to their homes North. In three summers there 
have been registered at the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead 9,642 guests. 
Of this number not a single death has ever occurred from natural 
causes. There never has a case of fever originated at this place within 
my knowledge. 

It will give me pleasure to answer any other inquiries you may think 
proper to make. Very truly, yours, 

K. B. HAYWOOD. 



[From the Raleigh News and Observer, August 8, 1883.J 

DUR CDSST HEALTH RESDHTS, 

We cannot see what causes North Carolinians to go abroad seeking 
health resorts, when there are places within her own borders equally 
as good, if not better, and where rates are much more reasonable. Sea 
air for consumptives has recently been generally recommended by 
Northern physicians, and Cape May and Atlantic City are now crowded 
to their utmost capacity with such invalids. Have we not a better 
climate either at Nag's Head, Morehead City, or Smith ville ? We think 



;■■:' V;,;>^6ffh Careiina Sfafe Library 

■ ' ' ' > > ') > " 
OUR COAST HEALTH RESORTS. 17 

SO, and so thinks the present Nestor of the profession in this city, 
comments on an article from whose pen we copy from the leading New 
York medical journal, the Medical Record, In its issue of March 
12th, 1882, that paper says: 

In a communication to the Record,, Dr. K. B. Haywood, of Raleigh, 
N. C, states his doubts as to the propriety of sending consumptive 
patients to Florida and other debilitating climates. He expresses him- 
self as being a convert to the views of those who, adopting a tonic plan 
of treatment, have, with benefit, turned the invalid current to the sea- 
shores of New Jersey. During his thirty-eight years of practice he 
has never sent a patient to Florida with any satisfactory result On the 
contrary, he is convinced that the breaking down of the tubercle is 
hastened by such procedure. The climate of Florida, according to our 
correspondent, is exceedingly debilitating, miasmatic and productive of 
complicating pneumonia. The country is subject to '^ northeasters," 
the temperature varies greatly from day to day, and insect life is par- 
ticularly obtrusive and harassing. Experience, he claims, has taught 
him that the humidity, particularly where the air is free from impuri- 
ties, exercises no baneful effect. Such air is tonic, pure and medicinal. 
If there is any virtue in inhalations, he argues, the sea air breathed 
should also be of efficacy in view of the various ingredients of the sea 
waters which it carries with it — compounds of chlorine, sulphuric acid, 
lime, magnesia, phosphoric acid, etc. The effect of sea air is quickly 
manifested in elevating the tone of the system, increasing strength, and 
exercising a marked action in anaemia and general debility. For the 
last three years Dr. Haywood has been in the habit of directing his 
patients to go to Morehead City, or to the town of Beaufort, latitude 
40° 41, situated in the "bight" of Cape Lookout, N. C, and thirty 
miles from the hundred fathom line of the Gulf-stream. The sea 
breeze, we are told, is constant and delightfully tempered by the Gulf- 
stream. The mean annual temperature is identical with that of the 
city of Rome in Italy, /. e., 61 °. Raleigh, almost on the same parallel, 
shows a mean of 57°, and Asheville, still farther west, of 54°. Hav- 
anese invalids often suffer from the cold as late as March 10th, and 
"northers" frequently blow during half the winter. Two of the 
writer's patients, who had sojourned at Morehead last summer, express 
themselves as feeling almost entirely well, while a third was greatly 



18 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C, 

benefited. After discoursing upon the facilities of this place, Dr, 
Haywood concludes by recommending it, not only to consumptives, 
but also to the anaemic, uterine cases, to persons suffering from general 
debility, and as an abode for teething children. 



SUPERIOR ADVANTHEES DF MDREHEAE 

CITY^ 



1. Its absolute freedom from malaria. This will be verified by 
every visitor who has spent the whole season at Morehead City. 

2. Its geographical position renders it peculiarly exposed to the 
pure ocean breezes from the south-west. These prevail from June to 
October, lowering the thermometer and rendering insect life innoxious. 

3. Not being adjacent to any large city, it is free from the objection- 
able excursion element to which less favored resorts are subjected. 

4. Its accessibility. The cars stop within fifty feet of the hotel 
entrance. The interest taken in its success by the railroads leading to 
Morehead City will insure fast trains and popular schedules. Special 
rate tickets for the season will be sold at all important points. 

5. Being located on both sound and sea, the guests have the choice 
of still or surf-bathing, still-fishing or trolling, sailing on the ocean by 
day, or the sound by moonlight, perfectly secure from danger. 

6. The surf cannot be surpassed. The depth increases gradually, 
and is perfectly safe. The beach is like marble and is twenty- five 
miles in extent. 

7. Morehead City being in the midst of a country largely produc- 
tive of fowls, game, vegetables, fruits, and all delicacies of the sea, with 
water transportation from Northern markets, a superior table can be 
furnished at less than usual cost. The rates of board are, therefore, 
comparatively low. 

THE ATLANTIC HOTEL 

contains nearly three hundred rooms, single and en suite, all well ven- 
tilated, comfortably furnished in ash or cherry, and have water, gas 



SUPERIOR ADVANTAGES OF MOREHEAD CITY. 



19 



and electric coniniunication. A row of twenty-six cottage rooms is 
quiet and popular. Baths and closets on every floor, with perfect 
.sewerage. Telegraph, express and post-office in the house. 




THE ATLANTIC-FROM NEWPORT RIVER. 

Agreeable facilities for reaching the beach w^ill be provided, and a 
few other needed improvements will be added. 

The hotel will be conducted in the most approved manner, and none 
but skillful employees will be engaged. System and order will be 
maintained, and guests who detract from the comfort or pleasure of 
others will not be tolerated. 

The table will be unsurpassed. 

The amusements are most varied, salutary and deligthful. The most 
popular are the sailing, bathing, fishing, ten-pins and billiards, with 
music and dancing in a magnificent ball-room one hundred feet square. 
The music, brass and orchestric, will be furnished by a popular South- 
ern band. 

The season will commence the first of June. 



20 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

RATES OF HDARD. 



The economy of a summer at Morehead City is a very attractive 
feature. Visitors can dress as they please, boat rates are very reason- 
able, baths are free, and excellent fishing grounds are within a few paces 
of the hotel. 

The rates of board will be about the same as last season. They will 
be governed by the locality of rooms, number of occupants, and the 
length of stay. The daily rate is $'2.50 ; per week, from $14.00 to 
$17.50 ; per month, from $45.00 to $(50.00. Those who wish to spend 
the month of August or September will be given lower rates than for 
the month of July. To all who wish to spend the whole season, spe- 
cial estimates will be furnished upon application. September is a 
delightful month and is the finest for fishing. 

In order to secure choice of rooms an early application is advisable. 



REFERENCES 



Nearly three thousand persons were registered at the Atlantic Hotel 
during the season of 1 884. We give below the names of a few rep- 
resentatives of different cities, who will, we presume, attest its merits 
as a health and pleasure resort : 

Rev. J. M. Atkinson, Raleigh, N. C. Mr. J. Lindsay Johnson and family, Rome, Ga. 

Mr. Henry Briggs and family, Greenville, S. C. Dr. Simmons B. Jones, Charlotte, N. C. 

Mrs. Armistead Burwell and'son, Charlotte, N. C. Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Jones, Carthage, N. C. 

Mr. Jas. A. Bryan and family. New Bern, N. C. Col. and Mrs. Thos. S. Kenan, Raleigh, N. C. 

Mrs. M. L. Broadnax and son, Reidsville, N. C. Dr. and Mrs. J. H. Keeling, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Mr. F. W. Barnes and family, Wilson, N. C. Mr. and Mi-s. Ed. H. Lee, Raleigh, N. C. 

Ml-. James Boylan and family, Raleigli, N. C. Mr. T. A. MeCreery and family, Colnmbia, S. C. 

Mrs. H. H. Colquitt and son, Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Jos. Mullen and family, Baltimoi-e, Md. 

Mrs. and Miss Conyers, Covington, Gg,. Dr. James McKee and family, Raleigh, N. C. 

Hon. Jos. B. (humming and family, Augusta, Ga. Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Mitchell, "Eufaula, Ala. 

Mrs. B. L. Dewey and daughter, Charlotte, N. C. Rev. M. M. Marshall, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dr. Chas. W. Dabney and family, Raleigh, N. C. Mr. and Mrs. Jas. McKimmon, Baltimore, Md. 

Mr. John A. Duncan and family, Wilmington, " Col. and Mrs. Peter Mallett, New York. 

Miss "Forsyth and friends. Mobile, Ala. (\apt. V. E. MeBee and family, Waynesville, N. C. 

Col. P. F. Faison and family, Raleigh, N. C. Mrs. C. H. Plane and niece, Atlanta, Ga. 

Mr. Julian Field and sister, Columbus, Miss. Mr. Ed. Rumbough and sisters, Warta Spring.^. 

Mr. J. W. Green and family, Augusta, Ga. Gen. R. Ransom and family. New Bern, N. C. 

Col. T. M. Holt and family. Haw River, N. (J. Mr. and Mrs. Routh, Petersburg, Va. 

Mr. and Mrs. 15. H. Hill, Atlanta, Ga. Gen. and Mrs. W. P. Roberts, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dr. F. J. Haywood and family, Raleigh, N. C. Col. J. W. Rucker and family, Atlanta, Ga. 

Mr. Carleton Hillyer and family, Augusta, Ga. Mr. Geo. H. Snow and family, Raleigh, N. C. 

Mr. L. P. Hillyer, Macon, Ga. Rev. T. E. Skinner and family, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dr. R. B. Haywood and family, Raleigli, N. C. Mr. J. P. Timberlake and family, Phila., Pa. 

Rev. (.'. R. Haines, Petersburg, Va. Mrs. Stephen Thomas, Athens, Ga. 

.Mrs. .M. Fj. Hicks and sons, Nashville, Tenn. Mrs. A. C. Vason and family, Augusta, (ra. 

Mr. W. J. Jarratt and family, Petersburg, Va. Senator Z. B. Vance and family, Charlotte, N. C. 

Gov. and Mrs. Thos. J. Jarvis, Raleigh, N. C. 



RAILWAY P^ARES. 



21 



RAILIATAY FARES 



The following table gives the rates for the season of 1884. We 
shall endeavor to have them reduced in many instances, though the 
charges are the same as to other resorts, considering the distance. 

Tickets good to return until October 1st. Parties of ten or twenty 
can usually obtain still lower rates: 



FROM 



Albany, Ga 

Athens, Ga 

Atlanta, Ga 

Augusta, Ga 

Augusta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md 

Burkevllle, Va 

Charleston, S. C. . 
Charlotte, N. C. . . . 
Charlottesville, Va. 

Cheraw, S. C 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbia, S. C 

Danville, Va 

Eufaula, Ala 

Franklinton, N. C . 

Florence, S. C 

Gainesville, Ga. . . . 
Georgetown, S. C. . 
Greensboro', N. C. 

Greenville, S. C 

Henderson, N. C. . , 
Knoxville, Tenn. . . 
Laurinburg, N. C. . 
Lincolntou, N. C. . . 
Lumberton, N. C. 
Lynchburo;, Va . . . . 

Macon, Ga 

^Memphis, Tenn . . 

^Mobile, Ala 

Monroe, N. C 

^Montgomery, Ala. 
^Nashville, Tenn . . 
*Nevv Orleans, La. 

Portsmouth, Va 

Petersburg, Va. . . . 

Raleigh, N. C 

Richmond Va 

Richmond, Va 

Rockingham, N. C. 
Salisbary, N. C. . . . . 

Seneca, S. C 

Shelby, N, C 

Spartanburg, S. C. 

Sumter, S. C 

Tarboro', N. C 

Wadesboro', N. C. . 
Washington, D. C. . 

Weldon, N. C 

Wilmington, N. C. 
Wilson,' N. C 




Macon and Atlanta 

Lula and Charlotte 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Wilmington and Goldsboro' . 
Richmond and Greensboro' . 
Greensboro' and Raleigh. . . . 
Wilmington and Goldsboro' . 

Raleigh and Goldsboro' 

Danville and Raleigh 

Wilmington and Goldsboro' . 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Wilmington and Goldsboro'. 

Greensboro' and Raleigh 

Atlanta and Charlotte 

Raleigh and Goldsboro' 

Wilmington and Goldsboro' 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Wilmington and Goldsboro'. 

Raleigh and Goldsboro' 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Raleigh and Goldsboro' 

Asheville and Raleigh 

Hamlet and Raleigh 

Hamlet and Raleigh 

Wilmington and Goldsboro' , 
Greensboro' and Raleigh. . . , 

Atlanta and Charlotte 

Knoxville and Salisbury. . . . 

Atlanta and Charlotte 

Hamlet and Raleigh 

Atlanta and Charlotte 

Knoxville and Salisbury. . . . 

Atlanta and Charlotte 

Weldon and Goldsboro' 

Weldon and Goldsboro' 

Goldsboro' and New Bern . . . 

Greensboro' and Raleigh 

Weldon and Goldsboro' 

PLimlet and Raleigh 

Greensboro and Raleigh 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Hamlet and Raleigh 

Charlotte and Raleigh 

Wilmington and (Joldsboro'. 
Goldsboro' and New Bern... 

Hamlet and Raleigh 

(ireensboro' and Raleigh. . . . 
(ioldsboro' and New Bern.. . 
Goldsboro' and New Bern . . 
Goldsboro' and New Bern., . 



ROUND 


TRIP 


FARE. 


$31 75 


26 80 


26 80 


23 45 


23 45 


22 85 


17 05 


20 20 


15 90 


19 25 


17 20 


19 30 


19 30 


13 65 


33 25 


8 70 


15 20 


26 60 


20 30 


11 25 


21 25 


9 45 


22 00 


13 70 


17 50 


12 95 


17 00 


26 80 


15 '66 


i2'65 


12 30 


7 20 


13 90 


13 90 


13 00 


13 70 


23 20 


18 60 


19 65 


17 15 


9 45 


14 75 


20 45 


8 65 


8 95 


6 65 



■^Rates not yet published. 



'79 



ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 




EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS. 23 



EXTRACTS 

FRDM LETTERS DF NEWSPAPER CDRRESPDNHENTS WRITTEN RT 

MDREHEAI] CITY, 



THE SEASIDE BALL-ROOM. 

Atlantic Hotel, July 22d, 1884, 

The fancy bal-masque last night was the happy thought of a few ladles whose artistic 
perceptions recognized in the many beautiful and gifted women and in the handsome 
and courtly men assembled at the Atlantic Hotel a boundless wealth of material for 
such an entertainment. 

A few of the young people had added a picturesque costume to their summer outfit, 
wisely preparing for any emergency, but most of the dresses were an impromptu inspira- 
.tion, showing an ingenuity of design and execution that was marvelous. At nine o'clock 
the groups of maskers galhered in the parlor, formed a procession and entered the 
ball-room to the strains of animated music. The galleries and corridors were filled 
with spectators who enjoyed the gay pageant and could hardly realize that the strange 
characters flitting through the figures of the stately lancers or whirling in the mazes of 
the waltz were their companions at the table an hour before. 

A strikingly handsome costume was worn by Miss Rumbough, of the Warm Springs, 
who represented "Mary, Queen of Scots." The dress was of black velvet, with a mag- 
nificent court train. The picturesque head dress, high puffed sleeves and various delicate 
details were true to the pictures of the beautiful Mary Stuart, and showed the character 
at a glance. Another beautiful representative was " Titian's Daughter," taken by Miss 
Mary Kerr Morehead. The classic dress of white with drapery of blue velvet accentua- 
ted the marble whiteness of complexion and the gold of her hair. Mrs. Laird, the char- 
acter of a "French Marquise," wore a magnificent dress of blue satin and rich laces. 
Her piquant face was surrounded with silvery white curls that had the effect of deepen- 
ing the light in her dark eyes, and made an agreeable prophecy of the days to come 
when the curls cannot be unpinned and laid aside with the occasion that suggested their 
use. 

Miss Holt, in scarlet and black, took the part of a "Gipsy Countess," in which char- 
acter she lost none, of her recognized attractiveness. 

Miss McCreery appeared in the rich and sombre dress of " A Spanish Lad}'^," that 
suited well her dignified carriage and reposeful manner — a manner that has a rare, sweet 
charm all its own and full of a delicate fascination that is irresistible. 

Miss Mary McCreery, "A Gipsy Fortune Teller," with some of the subtlety of her art 
lurking in the depths of her grey, unfathomable eyes, whose heavy lashes shade them 
like a curtain. 

Miss Maggie Merrimon was a dear, heautihi], jyincJiable "Baby," in an infant waist 
and looped sleeves and little round cap that could not conceal the wilful, curling 
ringis around her face. 

Her big, fat "Baby Brother," Mr. Romaine, could not keep off his own skirts to save 
his life, and went rolling and tumbling around to the amusement of all beholders and 
the discomfiture of his partner, whom he geoerally brought down with him. His favorite 
partner was "Miss Dorcas Pennyroyal," represented by Mr. W. H. Tucker, of Raleigh, 
who was dressed in a pink satin bodice and black silk skirt, with black lace draperies. 
This nimble old maid was a triumphant belle, whose only trouble was to keep her numer- 
ous frizzles from beino- scattered over the ball-room floor. 



24 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

The character of "The Earl of Leicester" was taken hj Mr. Julian Field, of Colum- 
bus, Miss. The costume was a beautiful one, made of scarlet and white satin, and was 
extremely becoming to Mr. Field's graceful and well-knit figure. 

One of the handsomest and most carefully arranged costumes was that of "Mclvor," 
worn by Mr. Hackburn, of New Bern, who looked the Highlander to perfection. 

Miss Maud Amyette, of New Bern, as "Maid of Athens," was just as bewitchingly 
dangerous as the one Lord Byron begged so hard to give back his heart. She (Miss 
Maud) has the same trick of taking and keeping hearts, and the same sweet 

"Lids whose 3etty fringe 
Kissed her soft cheek's blooming tinge." 

Miss Mary Miller, from Raleigh, in a pale green dress ornamented with shells and trail- 
ing sea-weed, was as fair and spirituelle an Undine as ever dwelt "beneath the cool, 
translucent wave," or rose to win a mortal's love. 

Another bright little damsel by the same name. Miss Mary Miller, also from Raleigh, 
was a " Sunflower," but by no means a wall-flower. 

Miss Rodman, from Washington, N. C, was "Doll, the Dairy Maid." 

Miss Forsythe, from Mobile, "Red Riding Hood." 

Miss Jessie Gray, from Greensboro', a bewitching little "French Peasant Girl." 

Miss Mattie Dowd, from Charlotte, the quaintest, cutest, craziest personification of a 
"Mosaic Quilt" ever beheld. Her light feet hardly touch the floor as she dances, and 
her petite figure is the perfection of grace. 

Miss Lavine Haywood took the part of a "Bohemian Fortune Teller." Her queenly 
carriage received an added grace from the tasteful dress, which was ornamented with 
cards and other insignia of her mysterious art. 

Miss Monteiro represented " Winter." Her dress was covered with soft, downy snow- 
flakes and glittering icicles that enhanced her delicate and radiant beauty. 

Miss Dixie Leach was dressed as "Hope." 

Miss Mena Branch represented " Patience," or " Buuthorne's Bride." 

Miss Wood, "The Maid of the Mist." 

Miss Annie Faison, a young " Greek Girl," in creamy white, with classic draperies. . 

Miss Mamie Amyette was a sparkling " Dew Drop." 

Miss Eliza Skinner, a shell gatherer, in a picturesque costume suggestive of 

" The sea, the sea, the open sea. 
The blue, the fresh, the ever free." 

Mrs. Duncan, as a " Spanish Lady," brought to mind and lip Byron's line, 
" She walks in beauty as the night." 

A lovely costume was the "Alpine Belle," worn by Mrs. Mitchell, of Eufaula, Ala., 
made of black velvet and fitting the figure with matchless grace, the skirts short and 
ending in points that also ended in silver bells, with a becoming bodice and helmet-shaped 
cap, also ornamented with bells, it was one of the very handsomest costumes in the room. 

Her sister, Miss Gertrude Snider, of Atlanta, appeared as "The Fish-wife," and wore 
the most beautiful costume of the whole fancy ball. The dress itself was a changeable 
silk of crimson and olive, that gave the shade and expression of the sea when a glowing 
sunset tinges every little wave with light. Over it was draped a silken net of a lighter 
shade fringed and filled with iridescent fish, as beautiful as the little creatures that go 
darting through these waters with rainbow brilliancy. A head dress of the netting, orna- 
mented with pendant fish, and a small dip-net, carried on the shoulder, completed this 
exquisite and artistic costume. 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS. 25 

Many of the gentlemen wore dominoes, some distinguished with quaint devices. One 
with a hump-back, another with a skull and cross-bones, that curiously belled its sombre 
suggestions by being always prominent in the dance and promenade. 

Mr. Charles Bryan, of New Bern, appeared as a *' Knight of the Bath," in a striking 
costume of green and white that was eminently becoming. 

Mr. T. W. Dewej', of Goldsboro, wore the rich and elaborate dress of a "Turk." 

Mr. M. L. Flyun, of Washington, N. C, was "Ralph Rackstraw." 

Mr. Waters, of New Bern, made an admirable " Orlando." 

Mr. Ed. Engelliard, of Raleigh, wore the picturesque costume of "A Polo Player," 
and might have been well named Mr, Isaacs. 

Mr. Walter Taylor, of Charlotte, appeared as "A Spaniard." 

Mr. William Grimes, of Raleigh, as " Tarn O'Shanter." 

Mr. Owen Guion, of New Bern, wore a rich and beautiful costume of green and gold, 
and appeared as "A Courtier of the Time of Henry VIII." 

Two charming ladies, Mrs. Carleton Hillyer, of Augusta, and Mrs. Johnston, of the 
Warm Springs, ambitious to add as much as possible to the attractions of the masked 
ball, each wore two faces, and presented a double front, each lady being provided with 
an extra pair of arras and hands that made a bewildering and grotesque effect as thej^ 
would say "good evening," and walk away, to appear with the reverse masked face and 
serenely folded hands. 

Miss Bettie Davis, of Wilson, wore the becoming dress of "Die Vernon," and added 
to her own unusual grace and attractions the interest every one feels in that favorite 
heroine of romance. 

The elegant Mrs. Governor Jarvis was disguised as a "Lady's Maid," and acted the 
character with her own inimitable grace. 

Mrs. Dabney did not mask, but "looked the daughter of a hundred Earls " as she 
appeared in a superb white satin dress ornamented with pond-lilies and flowing in a 
long and graceful train. 

Mrs. Field, from Mississippi, was a blithe and rosy "Aurora," fresh and fragrant as 
the morn she represented. 

Miss Pauline Faison was the dear "Old woman who lived in the shoe," and looked so 
sweet a housekeeper that ever^'body wanted to live with her. 

Miss Sallie Raney was a "Flower Girl," as was also Miss Camille Latham. 

Miss Mattie Fuller wore the dress of a " Peasant Girl." 

Darling little Mary Snow was "Only a Pansy Blossom," and William Snow, her 
brother, took his sister's part, and looked and sustained well the character of the "Belle 
of the Ball."" 

Mr. Bart. Gatling wore the beautiful and becoming dress of "A Page," as did Mr. Joe 
McCreery and Mr. Van Hoke. 

Mr. Ludlow Skinner impersonated "The Jersey Lily." Mr. Aleck McCreerj' was 
"Oscar Wild," and charming Mr. Walter Grimes was transformed into dear little 
"Buttercup." 

Mr. Carter Colquitt was a " Japanese youth on his first trip to America." 

Mr. John Engelhard was an "Esthetic Maiden," pretty little Bessie McCreery Avas a 
"Greenaway Girl," and the gifted Mr. John (Jatling, Jr., "A Squire of ye Olden Time." 

Where there are over a hundred maskers it is impossible in the limits of one letter 
even to mention all that come back to the memory as worthy of description. There Avere 
"Dancing Girls" and "Sailor Boys," "Mother Ilubbards " and " Base-ball Players," all 
acting well their parts and uniting to make the dazzling ensemble a memorable and 
enjoyable occasion. The night was all too short and too quickly spent, but many days 
and nights will come and go before the recollection of this brilliant entertainment will 
be effaced. — Qui Vive, in the Charlotte Observer. 



26 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

JNOTES FROM MOREHEAD. 

MoREHEAD City, Juue 14, 1884. 
What Mr. Rane}' has done for the Yarborough he has doue for the Atlantic Hotel — 
made it a place of which every traveler speaks a good word, and in the success of which 
he feels a personal pride and pleasure. To old habitues of the Atlantic it need only be 
said that the additions, to the building extend it out to and over the water ; that the new 
diniug-hall, which has a superb water view, is the largest in the State ; that all the space 
around the hotel has been laid with oyster shells, the borders of the walks being of turf 
and the walks of rammed earth; that the "bridge" which runs from the hotel to the 
heart of Morehead City affords such a promenade as no other Southern watering-place 
can show. Add to these new features an excellent table, an abundance of all llsh and 
shell fish, the best meats and an abundance of good milk, an excellent orchestra, etc., 
and it will be seen what solid claims the place has upon the attention of the people who 
seek rest, recreation, good living, &c. There is no fulsome flattery about this ; it is a 
plain statement of plain facts ; and the people of the State who come here owe thanks 
to Major Catling and Mr. Raney for their enterprise. — Special Correspondence of the News 
and Observer. 



AT THE SEA-SIDE. 



Morehead City, July 11th, 1884. 
During the exquisite nights of the past week, when the full moon poured her radiance 
on the waters and turned each wave into silver, the ball-room, with all its attractions, 
was deserted at an early hour. Not the smooth, broad floor, not even the throbbing 
music of the orchestra could keep the young people from the delights of a moonlight 
sail. With a breeze that fills the canvas and sends the boat bounding over the shimmer- 
ing waves, with congenial companions, whose merry voices now rise into glad and happy 
uproar, now sink into murmuring tete-a-tete, now break into snatches of song, now lapse 
into a sweet silence that makes audible the musical undertone of the lapping waters, 
can the imagination picture anything more delightful? I am alive to all the majesty 
and grandeur of that lofty scenery where "mountains lie in hai5py families," and am 
also alive to all the physical inconvenience of reaching the desired points of interest. (Ah ! 
who can tell how hard it is to climb ?) But down here, in our progress over the " liquid 
miles," we enjoy the stimulus of motion Avith the luxury of rest and reach our desired 
haven with an ignorance of weariness and warmth that is bliss. — Qui Vive, in the Char- 
lotte Observer. 



POSTALS FROM MOREHEAD CITY. 

Morehead City^, N. C, July 21st, 1884. 

A large party will be here from Atlanta in a day or two and North Carolina continues 
to send fair representatives by every train. 

Miss Gertrude Snider, a wealthy, cultured, and very attractive young lady of Atlanta, 
formerly of Macon, is here for the summer, 

Mrs. Governor Jarvis is a commanding figure, and has a lovely, intelligent face. She 
has written a great deal for the magazines, and is a lady of unusual culture. 

Miss Kerr Morehead, Miss Lavine Haywood, and the Misses Bryan represent, with 
their beauty, brains and agreeability, three of the most historic names in the State. 



POSTALS FROM MOREHEAD CITY. 27 

Mrs. C. H. Plane, of Atlanta, has arrived for the remainder of the season. She is a 
«if Led artist, and will take back with her many dainty sketches in water-colors as souvenirs. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Mitchell, of Eufaula, are here, Mr. Mitchell is one of the most 
prominent cotton kings of Alabama, and his lovely younjj" wife is a Georgian, nee Snider, 
of Macon. 

Mrs. Carlton Hillyer, of Augusta, who is nowsi)endingher third summer at Morehead, 
has been recently joined by her mother, Mrs. Thomas, of Athens, and her sister-in-law 
Mrs. Willie Thomas, who was the charming and brilliant Miss Pamela Brown, of th'-' 
Sand Hills. 

The most agreeable and charming widow here (or anywhere else) is Mrs. Andrew 
Johnson, of Warm Springs, N. C. Her husband was a son of President Johnson, and 
Mrs. Johnson has seen much of the gayest society in America. She is admired equally 
for her intellect, personal beauty and unaffected manner. Mrs. Senator Vance has 
bewitched every one who bas come under the spell of her personal beauty, cultivation, 
and magnetic grace of manner, and has made each new-comer and admirer a loyal Vance 
constitv£nt. 

The North Carolinians are pronounced by visitors from other States as being remark- 
able for easy, cordial, manners, generosity and a fine sense of true hospitality, as well as 
for the many attractions that go to make up the country gentleman and the accomplished 
woman of modern society. 

Georgia contributes many well-known names, and several beautiful girls. She may 
also lay claim to the bright and piquant Miss May Field, of Mississippi, whose mother is 
one of the brilliant Hillyer family of North Georgia. 

Miss Mamie McCreery, of Columbia, is pronounced b}' all the loveliest mermaid of al 
the alluring sirens who plunge about in the surf. 

Miss Olivia Cowper, of Raleigh, is a tall, elegant brunette, who wins all hearts by her 
beaut}" and the irresistible magic of perfect refinement which surrounds her. 

Colonel Faison, of Raleigh, is the authority on deep sea-fishing, and being an expert 
in winds and tides, always returns with the hold of his " sharpie " blue with blue-fish and 
flashing with the brilliant dyes of the richl3^-colored Spanish mackerel. 

Major Gatling, the owner of this place, is spending the summer here with his lovely, 
gentle wife and his four fine boys. The Major is not only a brilliant lawyer, but is said 
to be the most learned man in North Carolina. 

The revenue cutter Colfax frequently puts in althis port, and her officers, traveled men 
and good talkers, are always cordially welcomed at the iVtlautic. 

Among the latest arrivals are many old frequenters of Morehead who claim that August 
is the month of all months here, and September holds out unrivalled attractions for the 
angler and sportsman. 

Those who came at the opening of the Atlantic in June have received, all through the 
densely crowded season, the same attention in every department that characterized their 
early days here. 

Mr. Rauey, the new proprietor, will send out, with the close of this season's brilliant 
work, an army of grateful, delighted advertisers, and the Atlantic will henceforth be the 
synonym of comfort, unremitting attention and luxury. 

For the best society in the South, the safest sailing, the grandest surf, the finest fishing, 
the loveliest scenery — all encompassed in the shelter of the forenu)st hotel on the Atlantic 
coast — come to Morehead. 

The register shows names from North and South Carolina, (icorgia, Virginia, Maryland, 
Alabama, and other Southern States, and it is rumored that the fame of Morehead has 
even reached Fort Verde, Arizona, and in August we are to expect an officer of the First 
U. S. Infantry, new stationed at that point. — C, in the Auguata Evening News. 



28 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

FROM KNOXVILLE TO THE SEA. 

MoREHEAD City, August 4th, 1884. 

Ariiviug- at Warm Springs at three p. m., you will make close connection, and find 
splendid accommodations on superb little sleepers to Raleigh, The scenery up the 
French Broad and the beautiful city of the clouds (Asheville) are soon passed, and now 
the ascent begins, on and on, higher and higher, and we are at the summit, and the 
Swannanoa tunnel is entered. The light grows more dim and we are in total darkness, 
and when again we emerge into God's blessed sunlight we give vent to a sigh of relief. 
And now, the descent, and we pass through innumerable short tunnels and by " Mud 
Mountain," where a sight meets the eye that would make a hod-carrier's heart beat with 
delight — one vast mountain of mortar. Round and round we go, until a magnificent sight 
bursts upon us. A majestic five-story hotel springs up out of the mountain fastness, 
in strange contrast with the wild grandeur of the surrounding mountain peaks ; and 
grander than all else is the stupendous fountain that shoots its bright waters to a height 
of about three hundred feet — said to be the highest fountain in the world. And this 
is Round Knob. I have often seen a corkscrew called into requisition at supper, 
but this is the first time I ever descended one on a railroad car to get supper, but no 
other simile will convey the idea of the windings of the road down the raoantains. A 
half hour's rest, a good supper, and we return to the sleeper refreshed and ready to resume 
our rapid transit. It is just dark, but all soon "turn in " and sleep soundly until eight 
A. M., when we reach Greensboro' and have an hour to breakfast and inspect the sleepy 
but historic old town, which is rapidly awaking from its Rip Van Winkle sleep. I 
passed within a few feet of the spot where General Johnston surrendered to Sherman. 
Tears came into voice and eyes of as brave a man as ever drew a sword as he pointed out 
this memorable spot. 

Durham, the famous tobacco manufacturing town, is on our route — a few j^ears ago it 
was only a straggling village — now a thriving young city of about five thousand inhabi- 
tants. 

There is nothing striking to the railroad traveler about Raleigh. " We are passing 
the capital of this State," is all that was said to me as we drew up to the depot. 

At Goldsboro' we changed cars for the last time. This is the first time we get a glimpse 
of salt water. Still onward through the mighty pine forests. I am astonished at the 
vast amount of tine timber lands contiguous to the railroads untouched by axe or saw. 
The fruit crop is immense, and of line quality and flavor, through the entire length of 
the State. * * * -x- * * * -x- 

Here we are comfortably and agreeably settled at the "Atlantic," a most superior 
hotel. Mine host Raney, instead of being one of the pompous, consequential, dis- 
obliging individuals so often at the head of such establishments, is a most genial, 
warm-hearted gentleman, with a smile for all, and never happier than when he is con- 
tributing to the pleasure of his guests. 

The table is all that the most fastidious, epicure could desire, embracing all that is 
delectable of land and water. 

The hotel is built on the beach of Bogue Sound, and the ebbing and flowing of the 
tide as it beats against the building is the lullaby that soothes us to sleep after the days 
of pleasure are ended. 

In conclusion, I say to all who are in want of pleasure or health, come to Morehead 
City. 

The Tribune is received daily, and welcomed as a dear old friend. — H.^ hi the Knoxville 
Tribune. 



> ) J J 
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FROM THE SEA. 29 

FROM THE SEA. 

MoREiiEAD City, N. C, June 23d, 1884. 
You are much better informed than was the writer of this before eominj^ here, if you 
know much about this place, save that it is a watering-place on the North Carolina coast; 
that it was here that Mr. W. H. Grady and Mr. Walter (Gordon, of Georgia, once achieved 
a miraculous success fishing for blue-flsh and Spanish mackerel ; that this was the place 
selected for the Gate City Guard's famous "adventures by flood and field," and that this 
identical shore was the scene of the blood-curdling romance " evolved " by the Raleigh 
newspaper man, about the child being carried away by toy balloons and marvelously 
rescued just as she was winging her thrilling flight over the foaming waves of the outer 
surf. This story, so palpably a hoax, was republished in dozens of papers all over the 
land, and no doubt believed by many credulous and wonder-loving people. 

The meagre facts and fancies above mentioned have given Morehead unique promise, 
but there are a hundred other reasons why this lovely "Gate of the Sea" should be 
known and sought. Nothing could be more refreshingly beautiful to the worn traveler 
from the dusty inland than the outlook from "The Atlantic," as one sees it first by day- 
light. Every door, window and piazza of the huge hotel opens to the water ; from the 
front or railroad side can be seen the pretty shore opposite where the village of Beaufort 
makes a pleasing picture, with its old-time houses and church spires. This town has 
about six hundred inhabitants, and is a favorite resort for inland North Carolinians who 
do not covet the gayeties to be found on this side. Between us and Beaufort (called- 
"Bofort" in North Carolina and "Bufort" in South Carolina) is the Newport River and 
Caliquot Sound, and the long reaches of soft purple and dun-colored salt marshes where 
long-legged water-fowls wade about for the enticing soft shell crabs and fiddlers, and 
give, in their stork-like dignity, an effect quite Japanesque to the scene. Porpoises are 
frequently seen plunging about in the sound at high tide like a drove of swine, and the 
gentlemen find much sport shooting at the awkward, ugly monsters. A short walk from 
the hotel brings you to the railroad dock, the terminus of the road, where freight is dis- 
charged for Beaufort and other settlements. 

Delightful sails are taken to the blue-fish banks, the fort, the surf — where I am relia- 
bly informed that there is absolutely no undertow — and through the various sounds and 
inlets that make this region such a net-work of pleasant water-waj's. The boats called 
"sharpers " or " sharpies " are manned by old salts and experienced skippers, and most 
timid ladies soon get over their dread of "those fearful, teetering things," and are heard 
actually glorying^ in the dip of the boat which at first seemed so perilous. Of course 
, . . you can row if you like, but jt seems slow navigation compared with the sea-bird flight 
;TC[ of the slender sloops that flap their broad wings and fly over the water like curlews. 
- ,. Under the railroad wharf, on the strong, wide beams, one can sit at ease and trap the 
ijr tempting sheep's-head. Here, in the shade, with the lulling sound of the lapping water, 
i^^ fishing passes from mere sj)Oft into the realm of dreamy luxur3\ It is not unusual to 
• catch sheep's-head weighing three pounds and over, though the smaller size are, of 
^^ , course, more abundant, A fish of this species, weighing a half or three-quarters of a 
(4.. pound, makes a substantial breakfast, and a three-pounder would serve six i)eople 
";- royally. It must be broiled, of course, and with the accessories of French rolls, coffee 
;. and clam fritters, makes a breakfast fit for a Savarin or Sam Ward. Soft shell crabs 
. . , stand first among the Morehead dainties, and seem to be a combination of spring chicken, 
frog's legs, rice birds and Mobile oystei-s, with a melting creamy quality all their own. 

Stone crabs — the nearest approach the Southern coast furnishes to the lobster — are 
rarely absent from the " Atlantic " bill of fare, while the ordinary crabs can be caught 
by the bushel right off the wharves and bath-houses. 



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30 ATLANTIC HOTEL, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

One wing of the kitchen extends out over the water, and I verily believe that if it were 
permitted, that I could stand at one of the windows, not three feet from the broiler, and 
with crab-net and tish-Iiue, soon catch my own breakfast. There is hunting here as well 
as fishing. 

There is no dearth of fun and good company here, as one may select from uiost of the 
Southern States, including Maryland. North Carolina comes here in force, and as it is 
known that Mr. Raney has it in hand this summer, the Raleigh people will flock to his 
standard. 

I am sure so lovely a summer resting-place as this is well worth the thirtj^ hours' trip 
from Atlanta, and to those who are sceptical of all the advantages pictured herein, I can 
only sa}', come and be your own witness of the pleasures I have so crudely outlined. To 
the ladies, I would say, do not burden yourselves with wide hats, fishing tackle, etc. ; 
all those things can be had here, and there is a post-otBce, express and telegraph right in 
the hotel. Bring as many light, pretty dresses as you choose, for there Is youth, beauty 
and fashion here ; but do not neglect a dark flannel or cashmere for boating and fishing, 
and be sure not to forget j'our last winter's soiled opfera and partj- gloves ; those long 
wristed things suit admirably to keep the arras from tanning. — 3f. R. C, in the Atlanta 
{Ga.) Journal. 



SEA SPRAY. 

MoREHBAD City, N.. C, July 6th, 1884. 

Good news has come to this lovely haven, telling us that soon we will be re-inforced by 
a large party from your city. The writer of this came to Morehead from Georgia three 
weeks since, on a somewhat undefined quest for health and pleasure, knowing little of the 
place and of the manifold delights to be enjoyed, and appreciating her own vague jour- 
ney of investigation, she proposes to chronicle herein something definite for the guidance 
of those who have selected this point for their midsummer outing. If the Athens party 
come by the Air-Line route they will make immediate connection at Goldsboro' for More- 
head, reaching here in time for supper. 

Across the river is the town of Beaufort, and the farms of the truckers, the large 
gardens for small fruits and vegetables, from whence sail frequently graceful schooners 
laden with dainties for the Northern markets. Their nearness solves the question, where 
does the Atlantic find its crisp lettuce, fine tomatoes, various fresh vegetables and well- 
ripened fruits. With fine truck markets near at hand, interior markets only a few hours 
distant, and the " multitudinous seas " at command, one can begin to realize how Mr. 
Raney manages to offer his guests the very best table to be found in the South and the 
worthy rival of New York and Baltimore. 
****** -X- * ^ * 

The dancing usually begins by half-past eight. At that time the train arrives, bringing, 
among others, a party of gentlemen from Raleigh, New Bern or Goldsboro', who, in a 
twinkling, haye exchanged their traveling suits for evening dress and pumps, and are 
making engagements for the German, which is called for half-past nine. Later you will 
see parlies of two, three, or half a dozen stealing out from the wide doors of the ball- 
room opening seaward, with cloaks and wraps. This means the very acme of pleas- 
ure at Morehead — a moonlight sail. The bay is as light as day ; the moon maps out a 
pathway of tremulous glory and the night is filled with the witchery of its spell. 

"The moon rains down her splendor 
In that light so soft and tender." 



BLUE-FI8HIN(I AND MOONLIGHT SAILING BY THE SEA. 31 



And to each voyager on the sereue waters of the silvered sound the vessel's prow seems 
set toward some fortunate isle, where youth is imendino;, beauty fadeless, and love always 
faithful and fond. The happy day into which was crowded so man/ blissful sensations 
is gone, "and the golden bars that bound it are broken to dust for stars." — Atlanta, in 
Atliens Bonner- Watcliman. 



BLUE-FISHING AND MOONLIGHT SAILING BY THE SEA. 

MOREHEA.D City, July 9th, ^884. 

No sea-side resort on the Atlantic coast has more natural advantages than Morehead 
City, and no hotel in the South, or elsewhere, is better kept or offers greater inducements 
to summer wanderers than the Atlantic under its new management. Everybody that has 
been here this season is charmed with the place, delighted with the hotel, enthusiastic 
over the amusements, and are naturally loth to leave. 

No catch-penny business or exhorbitant prices are allowed. Boating, fishing, rolling 
ten-pins and the use of bathing suits are all subjected to a scale of prices as reasonable 
as they can be obtained anywhere. 

Mr. Raney is a general favorite. His excellent management of the hotel makes every- 
body, both old and young, his friend. His assistants are clever and courteous. 

From the hotel observatory the views are peculiarly enchanting on one side, the silvery 
water of Caliquot Creek and Newport River mingle together and form a beautiful lake. 
To the east is Beaufort harbor, dotted over with mast poles and white sails ; while to the 
north, just beyond Bogue Sound, old ocean rolls up her blue waters into billowy moun- 
tains and hurls them across the breakers into white foaming grandeur. Farther on is 
Cape Lookout with its white, red and black striped light-house two hundred feet high, 
towering above the mad billows and lighting up the way for the sea-weary sailor. To the 
left of the light-house is Shackelford Banks, where the natives raise ponies, and have 
made pony-penning a noted amusement. 

Nature has certainly done her level best to make Morehead attractive, and only a few 
days spent here is necessary to see how well she has succeeded in making it so. — Special 
Correspondent of the {Raleigh, N. G. ) State Chronicle. 



RALEIGH N. C. 

(FOUNDED 1842.) 



Tte M. BENNETT glEDES, A, M, Rector and PrinGipal. 



A CORPS OF FOURTEEN EFFICIENT INSTRUCTORS. 
THOROUGH TEACHING GUARANTEED. 

FRENCH TAUGHT BY A NATIVE. 

GERMAN BY AN AMERICAN EDUCATED IN HANOVER. 

LATIN A REQUISITE FOR A FULL DIPLOMA. 
GREAT ATTENTION PAID TO MATHEMATICS AND COMPOSITION. 

ELOCUTION A SPECIALTY. 

The best equipped Musical Department in the South. Separate 
buildings. Five teachers^ one from Stuttgart^ one from Leipzig Con- 
servatory ; a sujjerior Vocalist ; sixteen Pianos for daily practice ; new 
Stein way and Knabe Concert-Grands for concert use; a Cabinet 
Organ; A fine new Pipe-Organ of two manuals and twenty stops, 
and the only Pedae Piano South of New York. 



THE ART DEPARTMENT 

UNDER THE CHARGE OF'aN ABLE AND ENTHUSIASTIC ARTIST. 



Specialists in the Natural Sciences engaged 

as Lecturers. 

THE EIGHTY- SIXTH TERM WILL BEGIN ON THURSDAY, JANUARY 26, 1885. 
For circulars, containing terms and particulars, address the Rector. 



YAR BOROUGH HOUSE, 



RALEIGH, N. C 



Knjoys a larger Patroiiag^e tliaii any Hotel in tlie State. 




RATES: $2.60 to $3.00 Per Day, 

SPECIAL RATES BY THE WEEK. OR MONTH. 



Rai.ei(;h, tlie capital of the State, with her niikl, uniforin eliniate, 
broad streets, and ])leasaiit drives, is a nice c()nij)roniise between the 
bitter, cold Nortli and the warm, debilitating South ; is never too warm 
nor too cold, being about equidistant between the New England States 
and Florida. 

Having leased the above hotel for a long term of years, I have en- 
larged, refitted, and refurnished it so as to give the invalid, pleasure- 
seeker, or business man first-chiss acconnuodations. A nundxn- of 
rooms, wellf-urnished, with open tire-places, are set aside for Northern 
guests, and, going or coming, would be glad to entertain you. 
Very respectfully, 

B. B. BANEY, Proprietor. 



APPLETONg' * GENERAL * gUIDES 

TO THE 

UNITED STATES and CANADA, 

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These Guides are compiled od the pMn of the famous Baedeker Hand-Books of Europe. 

The leading idea which has governed their preparation has been |o combine fullness and 
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aPPLETONS' handbook to the SUMMER RESORTS. 

A POPULAR GUIDE-BOOK FOR TRAVELERS. 

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The routes of travel from place to place are also given, PRICE5 50 CENTSi 

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contains all needed information for the TOURIST and INVALID, as to the WINTER RESORTS 
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These Guides commend themselves to all ADYERTISERS as the very 
best mediums of tlie Itiiid in the country, being" used very extensively by 
travelers both on business and pleasure, and are peculiarly adapted to 
Hotels, Steamship and Railway Lines, and indeed all business that expects 
custom from the best classes of our people. 

For informatio:: as to rates &c., address 

HENRY W. QUIN, 

Advertising Department, D. Appleton & Co. 



WM. KNABE & CO;S 




PIANO MANUFACTORY, 



BALTIMORE, MD. 



Krand, Square and Upright Piano-Fortes. 

TJiese Instruments have beeii before the public for nearly 

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THE 



BENBOV7 HOUSE, 

GREENSBORO', N. C. 




281 miles South f>f Washin<^- 

ton. 
360 iniles North of Atlanta. 
191 miles East of Asheville. 
224 miles West of Morehead 

Citv. 



'Trains arrive in even- 
ing and leave in morning at 
convenient hours, giving pas- 
sen<);ers a pleasant night's rest 
at The Benbow. 



SAMPLE-ROOMS ON GROUND FLOOR FOR COMMERCIAL TRAYEL; 
ALSO, ROOMS FOR FAMILIES SINGLE, AND EN SUITE. 

The Benbow is centrally located, convenient to depot, immediately opposite post- 
ofBce and bank. Telegraph office in building. Contains 82 sleeping-rooms, lighted 
with gas and connected with office by electric annunciator. The table is supplied 
with milk, butter and buttermilk from Proprietor's own Dairy. This house is kept 
for the accommodation of first-class travel, and to HEALTH OR PLEASURE-SEEKERS 
I would say: Greensboro is a beautiful town of 5,000 inhabitants, elegantly shaded 
walks and drives ; situated on Piedmont Air-Line (most direct route from New York 
to New Orleans, from Atlanta or Asheville to Morehead City). 

PASSENGERS CONVEYED TO AND FROM DEPOT FREE OF CHARGE. 




GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL, 

COLUMBIA, S. O. 

FISHER & BKNBUW, Proprietors. 

Eight hours' ride South of Grtensboro. 



BUFORD HOUSE, 

CHARLOTTE, N. C. 

SCOVILLE BROTHERS, Proprietors, 

Situated on tlie Atlanta & Charlotte Air-Lin(> Uailroad. Easy of access and climate unsiir- 
passed. House first-class in all its appointnrients. Heated by steam for winter season. 

Under joint management with t/ie New H. I. Kimball House, of Atlanta. Ga. 

Parties from tlie South visiting Summer Resorts of the Carol inas and Virginias will fiiwl it 
to their advantage to stop off at this point. 

LEE ROY MYERS, 

(SUCCESSOR TO GOODMAN & MYERS,) 

Manufacturer of Fine Cigars, 

FACTORY, No. 214, AVENUE C, NEW YORK. 

Southern Office; 133 Bay St., Savannah, Ga. 

L. B. WINSTOCK, Traveling Agent. 

These Cigars are sold at the Yarborough House, Raleigh, N. C, and at the Atlantic Hotel, 
Morehead City, N. C. 



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BEING A FULL, GRAPHIC AND COMPREHENSIVE HISTORY OF 

DUELLING AND DUELLING SCENES, 

Inciudins; the Judicial Duel of Europe ; the Private Duel throughout the Civilized World; 

DeseriptioDs of all the Noted Fatal Duels in Europe aud America, and of many 

other famous hostile meeting's of Americans and Europeans upon the 

(so-called) "Field of Honor." 

By MAJOR BEJ^ C. TKUMAN, 

Author of '^Campaigning in Ten.ne.'^see,^' '^The South after the War,"' '"Semi-Trophical 

California,''^ etc., etc. 

"As complete a history of duelling as any one can desire." — Phii-adklphia Bulletin. 

"An interesting memorial of a custom which is passing into ohiivion, and will be of special 
interest to man}'." — Army and Navy Journal. 

" P^xeeedingly convenient as a t)ook of reference." — -(Jharlestdn (S. ('.) News and Courier. 

"The interest of Major Truman's book has only been hinted at, so to speak, in tiiis notice; 
Ids anecdotes are almost inexhaustible." — Saturday Review, London, England. 

"Indulgesin the freedom and vivacity of the 'raconteui',' and sets out his recital with the 
vigor, spirit and humor of a genuine story-teller." — Texas Siftings. 

Every lawyer and every journalist tjiust have it as a book of reference; every jijen- 

tleman should have it in liis house; no Army or Navy officer should be without it; 

no library in the world will be complete without it; every historical stuileut and 

curious reader will want it. 

599 pages, 12 mo, thoroughly indexed, and handsomely bound in scarlet English cloth, bevelled 
boards, $2.00. Mailed, post-paid, on receipt of price. 

FORDS, HOWARD & HULBERT, 

27 PARK PLACE, ISEW YORK. 

l^EM^BLE •:• F00D •: P^eDHCPg. 

As the Largest Manufacturers and Dealers in the world in this line^ 
we consider it to our interest to manufacture only pure and whole- 
some goodsj and pack them in a tidy and attractive manner. AVe im- 
port^ manufacture, or deal in nearly everything eaten or drank. 

All goods bearing" our name are g-uaranteed to be of superior quality, 
and dealers are authorized to refund the purchase price in any case where 
consumers have cause for dissatisfaction. 

It is^ therefore, to the interest of both dealers and consumers to use 
Thurber's Brands. 

THURBER, WHYLAND & CO., 

West Broadway, Reade and Hudson Streets, New York ; 9 and 11 Feuchurcli Ave., Lon- 
don, E. C, England ; 17 Rue Lagrange, Bordeaux, France. 



NOTICE. 

Our Canned Goods are put up with a special quality of tin, and most of them being 
hermetically sealed while fresh at the sources of supply, preserve the fresh, natural 
flavors, and are REALLY FRESHER, MORE WHOLESOME AND FALA- 

TABLE than many so-called "fresh" articles which are exposed for sale during con- 
siderable periods of time in city markets. 



SOLD BY ALL" THE LEADING DRUGGISTS.To 




p-t 



The use for Toilet porposes of Printed Paper, 
or' that containing injurious chemicals inci- 
dent to the ordinary process of manufacture is a 
direct cause of Hemorrhoids. Physicians 
warn their patients of its dangerous cijaracrer. 
Special machinery and process of manufacture used 
only by this company enable it to produce an arti- 
cle entirely free from any deleterious substance. ' 

Orders from all parts of the world, en- 
dorsements as to quality, economy, con* 
venienoe and.neatness, warrant the claim of 
superiority. 

With entire freedom from litter and waste, the 
division into sheets by perforations se- 
cures an economy in use unattainable in 
the unperforated roll first made by us. 

That it quickly dissolves in water com- 
mends it especially to residents of towns and cities. 
Loss of health, due to impuri; air from stoppage of 
pipesand drains, with accompanying Physicians 
and Plumbers' bills, k wholly inevcntcd. 

Two 1,000 Sheet Rolls 



And Nickel Fixiure 
$1.00, delivered 



FREE 



anywhere in the 
United States. 



FROM M EDICAL RECORD. 

The Leading lyieElical Publication of tliis Ccuiitry. 

" No liotter evidence can bo offered 
tluit tlie Toi let Paper manufactured by 
the A. P. W, Paper Co., of Albany, N. y"., 
supplies a demand for an article ab.so- 
lutuly free from injurious cliemicals 
: ^■^^ tlian tlic fact of tlacir, constantly in- 
■-..■5^^.^ creasing- 'bu.'^iue.ss. ,Tlieir paper is 
■"•^^%^?|| sliiiJ]jed to all parts of tlic civilized 
*.fy'-ff#' world. 3 The European demand lias be- 
-"- *^ come so large that an extensive inanu- 
l factory is now operate J in London, 
agencies having been establisncd In all 
thcx^rincipalLowns in Europe. AVewcre 
among the first to adopt, this paper and 
confidently recommend it. as all that 
is claimed." 



SPECIALTES 



WMfliinm 



GiiBOl^TgPf|^|R.#fMS 



THE ONLY REALLY MEDICATED TOILET PAPER EVER MANUFACTURED. 

paper properly medicated is of jrrcat value in suigical practice, but the primitive methods of prc|)ariniT it have 
not produced a satisfactory article, eitiicr in co?;t or quality, while the attempts to produce a MciliCdtetl Toilet 
Pttpet' have resulted only in a SO-€(lllc(l article, really dilTering in no way from ordinary paper. That Tfiilct 
Paper as a vehicle foi remedies for Hemorrhoids would be of great value in that regular application, would be 
assured, is obvious, and innumerable attempts have been made to medicate it, but hitherto without success. Its 
lightness seeming to preclude application to the finished sheet, all attempts have been made through the admi.Kture 
of drugs with the pulp. As many of the most valued agents will not unite with water, few are available, and ol 
these only the cheapest, on account of the excessive 'amount of water with which the pulp is diluted, preparatory 
to passing to the forming machinery, where all water is removed, carrymg with it all that may have hcen added 
with a view of medicating. Only a trace is discoverable by chemical analysis. So freciuent weie the calls received 
by us for a Medicated Toilet Papei.that wc instituted a scries of experiments to determine if such an article 
could be produced, and if so, whether we could discover a rapid process r.nd machinery to manufacture it at a cost 
that would place it within the reach of the general public. The first we have demonstrated as practicable. The 
second, also, so far as the process and manufacturing by machinery, and wc believe that it will be conceded that 
the value of the product, considered the price, is remarbably low. There will be no (]uestion as to its being medi- 
cated ; its appearance indicates it, and as a matter of fact iully tlVOltlJ per cent of itff WClf/ht is due 
to the remedial agcnttt it contains. Only tliose indorsed by the medical profession are used, and 
of these the most valued. The incorporation of so laige a percentage with the paper necessarily increa.ses its cost, out 
our process is so rapid, and the machinery so efficient, that there is little additional expense. W'c olfer this paper at a 
very slight advance over the price of our plain paper, making due allowance for the actual cost of the remedial agents. 

Price per Roll, 1,000 sheets, 50 Cts. TWO ' 1,000 SHEET ROLLS, 

Nickel Fixtivre, - - - 30 " Aiul Nickel Fixtnrc r-rj IT" C" ^"^^'"^'■<' '" ♦'k' 

Sample Packet, by mail, 10 " S1.30;«leliveied rrtLLCl Uuitetl states. 



ALBANY PERPOHATED WRAPPING PAPER COMPANY, 



THE LEADING DRUGGISTS SELL OUR GOODS, 




ALBANY. N. Y. 




PEACE INSTITUTE^ 

FOR YOUNG LADIES, • 



This institution, now in its thirteenth year of successful operation under the present Prin- 
cipals, is situated in the northern part of the city of Raleigh, N. C, in a magnificent gro^ve of 
native oaks, containing about eight acres. No institution in the South is better equipped for the 
worl?; of higher education of young ladies. The building used'for school purposes is a large and 
magnificent brick edifice, four stories high, with a front of one hundred and forty feet, contain- 
ing under one roof a large and handsome school and assembly-room, recitation-rooms, art 
studio, parlors, dining-room and sleeping-rooms. The whole is heated by steam and thoroughly 
ventilated ; is lighted by gas, and has hot and cold water on every floor. The Music Department 
is under tlie direction of Prof. A. Baumann, assisted by a corps of accomplished assistants. 
The equipment of this department consists of sixteen pianos, nearly all purchased within the 
last two years, and one large organ. Drawing and painting taught by an experienced and 
accomplished teacher, in all the new and most fashionable branches. Modern languages taught 
Ijy an accomplished foreign lady. 

The attention of persons living in the North and North-west, South and South-west, is called 
to the advantages of location oflfered by Peace Institute. The climate of Raleigh is remarkably 
salubrious, V^eing a pleasant mean between the hot and enervating climate of the South and the 
cold of the more northern situations. In point of health, Raleigh compares favorably with any 
city in the country. The expenses of the school are as low as any first-class institution ottering 
equal advantages of location, instruction and accommodations for boarding pupils. Correspon- 
dence solicited. 

For circulars and catalogue containing full particulars as to course of study, expenses, &c., 
address 

Rev. R. BURWELL & SON, Principals, 

RAIvEIOH, I^. C. 



North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 



'VJ-2X-13 
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R, H, RilNEY, 



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EST-A-BLISHTEr) 1367. 



The North Carolina Bookstore. 



ALFRED WILLIAMS & CO., 

Fnlilisliers, Boohellers and Stationers, 



119 FAYETTEVILLE STREET, 






PUBLISHERS OF 



The North Carolina Teacher, 

A handsome 48 page monthly magazine, devoted to Progressive 

Education in North Carolina. 



.Q 



[Successor to Uzzell & Oatling,) 



RALEIGH, N. C. 



NOTHING BUT FIRST-CLASS WORK TURNED OUT. 



WRITE FOR SAMPLES. 



GC 917.56197 A881a 

Atlantic Hotel (Morehead City, N.C.) 
The Atlantic Hotel, Morehead City, N.C. 



3 3091 00066 3385 



DATE DUE 



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CAVLORO 






rniNTCO IN U-S.A.